Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds which include the phytocannabinoids, and chemical compounds which mimic the actions of phytocannabinoids or have a similar structure (e.g. endocanabinoids, found in the nervous and immune systems of animals and that activate cannabinoid receptors).
There are over 480 natural components found within the Cannabis sativa plant. It is still unclear how many unique cannabinoids are in the plant but estimates put the number at about 85. The most well known and researched cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the substance primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
Cannabinoids are separated into major subclasses. These are as follows:
- Cannabigerols (CBG)
- Cannabichromenes (CBC)
- Cannabidiols (CBD)
- Tetrahydrocannabinols (THC)
- Cannabinol (CBN) and cannabinodiol (CBDL)
- Other cannabinoids (such as cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), cannabitriol (CBT) and other miscellaneous types
With all of the knowledge people are gaining from testing the marijuana plant, we are sure to discovery more cannabinoids in the future.